Three highlights of the hottest new deal for envir

2022-08-10
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Three highlights of the new environmental protection policy

at the 12th "Green China Forum", the State Environmental Protection Administration first proposed a new environmental and economic policy framework and roadmap, which is commonly known as the "new environmental protection policy". The new environmental protection policy can be divided into seven aspects, namely, green tax, environmental charges, green capital market, ecological compensation, emissions trading, green trade and green insurance

some people say that the reason why Chinese manufacturing is cheap is not only the content of science and technology and the low cost of workers, but also the non payment of pollution. The author believes that China's energy price is not low, because China's energy exploitation does not pay for environmental pollution. If environmental pollution is included in the cost, China's energy price is much higher than the international price with the improvement of living standards

this new environmental protection deal really refreshes the author, especially the following three points of interest:

first, green taxation. For a long time, due to the weak awareness of environmental protection, enterprises do not pollute the same way, the heavy and light pollution are the same, and the energy conservation and emission reduction are the same if the pollution is not treated. The cost of law-abiding pollution treatment is far higher than the income, and the profit of illegal pollution discharge is far more than the fine. Over time, it has produced the effect of "bad money expelling good money"

it is reported that more than 100 multinational companies have been blacklisted as polluting enterprises, involving many industries such as food, electronics, chemicals, machinery manufacturing, etc. There are not only Panasonic, whirlpool, Bosch, general motors, Samsung and other world top 500 enterprises, but also Nissin, Carlsberg, Nestle, KFC, Pizza Hut and other food brands

green tax is to impose or reduce taxes on taxpayers and individuals who develop, protect and use environmental resources according to their degree of development, utilization, pollution, destruction and protection of environmental resources. Implement preferential tax policies for environmentally friendly behaviors, impose heavy taxes on environmentally unfriendly behaviors, internalize the external cost of environmental pollution, and establish a direct pollution tax based on pollution emissions and a product environmental tax based on indirect pollution

followed by green insurance. An important feature of current environmental pollution incidents is that enterprises pollute and the government pays the bill. The maximum fine issued by the environmental protection department is no more than one million yuan. Compared with the direct loss, the indirect loss is only a drop in the bucket. Some small enterprises can't collect the fine even if they sell all their assets. The author believes that green insurance should be able to play a certain role with higher profits

like compulsory insurance, green insurance is also a compulsory insurance. Green tax reflects the policy orientation, while green insurance reflects the risk awareness of the government. Green insurance is the most representative of environmental pollution insurance. On the one hand, insurance companies compensate the victims of sudden pollution accidents to reduce the pressure of the government and enterprises. Of course, insurance companies will get premium income; On the other hand, it has strengthened the market mechanism's supervision over enterprise emissions, and insurance companies have also joined the ranks of supervision for economic interests, truly forming a good situation of "mass prevention and mass governance"

the third is environmental tax. The environmental tax levied by various countries basically consists of two parts: one is the special tax levied for pollution and environmental damage; Second, in general taxes, various tax adjustment measures are taken to protect the environment

in 2007, the top 500 Chinese enterprises had an operating revenue of 17488.1 billion yuan and a total profit of 773.5 billion yuan. There are 141 enterprises in 8 major industries, accounting for 28.2% of the top 500, which are closely related to resources and the elongation at break of ordinary polymer materials, which are also between% ~ 100%; The total operating revenue is 5385.6 billion yuan, accounting for 30.8% of the top 500 operating revenue; The total profit is 308.4 billion yuan, accounting for 39.9% of the top 500

these data show that China is still a country dominated by energy and rough processed products. Large but not strong is a common problem of Chinese enterprises, so these top 500 Chinese enterprises are actually top 500 Chinese enterprises, and "two high and one capital" (high energy consumption, high pollution, resource type) and "two capital and one high" (capital type, resource type, high energy consumption) are their typical characteristics

this group of data also shows that the profits of these 141 enterprises, which account for only 28.2% of the top 500, account for 39.9% of the top 500. This also shows that these enterprises are among the top 500 with better benefits, while other enterprises have worse benefits. Therefore, the road of China's industrial transformation is still very long and bumpy

however, it is an irresistible world trend to levy taxes on polluting behaviors and products. Norway, Italy, Denmark, Sweden, the United States, etc. all impose taxes on garbage, noise, wastewater, exhaust emissions and other polluting behaviors. From the experience of various countries, the role of environmental taxation has become increasingly prominent, and has shown a good regulatory effect in reducing pollution and protecting the environment

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